Beyond the Basics of the Basic Metabolic Panel Understanding Life-Threatening Electrolyte Levelsby Cyndi Zarbano
You will learn to look beyond the numbers and see that the “Basic” Metabolic Panel (BMP) is anything BUT basic! Your patients’ levels may not be where you think they are, or “normal” may represent anything but homeostasis. Understand important implications for renal health and a proactive approach to patient management. You will also advance your skills in electrolyte interpretation and gain the confidence you need to manage the next life-threatening emergency.
Components of the BMP
Renal Failure & Lab Clues
Acute Kidney Injury
Acute Tubular Nephrosis
Life-Threatening Electrolyte Imbalances
Hypo and Hypernatremia
Hypo and Hypercalcemia
Hypo and Hypermagnesemia
Communicate the classification of renal insufficiency and failure.
Analyze pre-renal, intrinsic renal, and post-obstructive causes of renal failure using lab findings and other tests.
Connect expected changes to the EKG with life-threatening potassium levels.
Connect Chvostek’s sign and Trousseau sign and the relationship to electrolyte status.